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Addiction - to a substance or a behavior - has been viewed as many things, having many causes. It is typically characterized by a loss of control and a constant preoccupation with the object of the addiction, which brings an array of painful consequences in one's life such as health issues, relationship problems, low self-esteem, financial and legal problems etc.
However, addiction first develops as a response to a person's suffering, it can create or exacerbate feelings that were missing in one's experience or/and numb painful ones. It can have many personal and social meanings.
Seeking help can be an essential and effective step to gaining understanding into what is keeping the person locked into this type of functioning and freeing themselves from it.
A model of complexity for real world substance use treatment by Andrew Tatarsky:


Speak to us directly. Free-of-charge, confidential initial counseling consultation.
+33 (0)1 45 50 26 49+33 (0)1 45 50 26 49 or icsparis@gmail.com